The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (トム・ソーヤーの冒険 Tomu Sōyā no Bōken) is a Japanese anime series, directed by Hiroshi Saitô which was broadcast in 1980. It is based on the well-known and popular novel The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain.

The series was broadcast on the World Masterpiece Theater, an animation staple on Fuji TV, that each year showcased an animated version of a classical book or story of Western literature, and was originally titled Tom Sawyer no Bōken. It was the second installment of the series, after Rascal the Raccoon in 1977, to feature the work of an American author.

This series was dubbed into English by Saban International and broadcast on HBO in 1988 under the title The Adventures of Tom Sawyer at 7:30 am. It alternated with the later World Masterpiece Theater version of Little Women. Celebrity Home Entertainment released videos in the United States under the title All New Adventures of Tom Sawyer.

A different English dub of the series has been shown in southeast Asia. In 1997, 2008, 2010 and 2014, it was shown on ABS-CBN. In 2015 and 2016, a digitally remastered version was shown on the ABS-CBN Digital TV subchannel Yey! in the Philippines.

In January 2011, the anime was shown in the United States in the original Japanese on the NHK's cable channel TV Japan.