The Naked Brothers Band is an American musical comedy television series created by Polly Draper for Nickelodeon. It depicts the daily lives of Draper's sons, who lead a fictional world-renowned rock band in New York City. As a mockumentary, the storyline is an embellishment of their real lives, and the fictional presence of a camera is often acknowledged. The show stars Nat Wolff and Alex Wolff, the lead singer-songwriter, and drummer, respectively. Nat's fictional female interest and real life friends—including the guitarist who had no prior acquaintance with the family—feature as the other band members, with the siblings' father and Draper's husband as their widowed accordion-playing dad, and Draper's niece as the group's babysitter.

The series is a spinoff of Draper's film of the same name that was picked up by the network, premiering in January 2007. Draper, star of Thirtysomething and her screenwriting debut The Tic Code, is the executive producer of the series, and often writer and director. Albie Hecht, former president of Nickelodeon and Spike TV, is the other executive producer, under his Worldwide Biggies tag. Draper's jazz musician husband Michael Wolff, known for leading the band on The Arsenio Hall Show, serves as the music supervisor and co-executive producer, with Draper's brother, Tim, as the consulting producer.

The series first aired two episodes in the United States on February 3, 2007 to an audience of exactly 3.7 million viewers. Viacom announced, it "delivered Nickelodeon's highest-rated premiere in seven years" and the program became favorable for children aged 6–11. According to New York Times reporter Jacques Steinberg, the series' popularity is equivalent to the Disney Channel TV shows, Hannah Montana and Cory in the House. Moreover, following the show's debut, the band’s song "Crazy Car" was placed on the Billboard Hot 100 charts, and the first and second season soundtrack albums were on the top 200 Billboard charts.