Wanpaku Omukashi Kumu Kumu, lit. "Naughty Ancient Kumukumu") is a Japanese animated television series, consisting of 26 episodes. The plot and characters were created by Yoshikazu Yasuhiko, and it was directed by Rintaro and first broadcast on TBS between 3 October 1975 and 26 March 1976.[1][2][3][4] The name was changed to Kum-Kum after the sixth episode.It was later adapted as a manga in December 1975, written and illustrated by Takemaru Nagata, and serialized in Kodansha's Terebi Magajin (TV Magazine) under the name "Kum-Kum." A four-panel comic strip adaptation of the series also appeared periodically in Mainichi Shimbun in Osaka.

The series explored the adventures of Kum-Kum, a naughty boy in primeval times, and his friends as they grow up, often playing antics that surprise the occasional visitor to their village, and which almost always end up with Kum-Kum being grounded by his stern father, Paru Paru.